Every effective teacher aspires to achieve good classroom management.
Being able to have full control of the class requires simple but difficult efforts.
It is simple only for those who understands what it means and takes to be a teacher. And it is difficult for those who are on the opposite side. That is for those who lack adequate teaching skills.
Classroom management is an ability to control the free flow of teaching and learning process without any form of distortion.
It can also be regarded as an effort employed by the teacher to ensure achievability of the objectives of education.
A teacher who can properly manage the activities that goes on in a classroom is bound to create a good working relationship with his/her learners.
A Classroom Without Proper Management
A class that lacks adequate coordination can not produce students that can defend their certificate.
It is overrun by noise making and of course brings bad name to the image of the teacher and the school at large.
|Students in class|
Classroom management strategies
1. Democratic Learning Environment
A democratic learning environment is that kind of classroom situation that encourages learners’ active participation in the teaching and learning processes.
For a teacher to perfectly coordinate the activities that go on in the class he must encourage students’ participation.
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A class where students don’t participate actively can never yield better results.
The learner must be given the needed space to learn at their own pace and the teacher guides them through.
2. Students Should Do More of the Talking
Classroom management also encourages the teacher to give room to learners to find solutions to problems on their own.
The teacher serves as the facilitator and guardian while the students carry out their research.
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For effective classroom management to come into play, the teacher on his own side sees to it that the learner gets all he/she needs to acquire knowledge.
3. Employment of Non-verbal Communication Skill
Non-verbal communication techniques have always been an effective way of controlling the class.
Sometimes my teacher discourages behaviour by just keeping quiet or making some facial expressions that tell the student to stop whatever he or she is doing.
Some time ago during my Teaching Practice at Amakohia Comprehensive Secondary School Owerri, some group of students wanted to end my class early enough before the time through their noise making.
Though the students were not members of my class, they are disturbing my class so that my students can join them in their discussion outside the window.
For a while I stood and looked at the group of boys calling my students from the window.
My facial expression alone was enough to pass a message to the disturbing student that I was not ready to compromise my office as a teacher.
They left and never bothered to come back again.
When talking about classroom management, Non-verbal communication skills shouldn’t be left out.
4. Duty Roster
Another way of being able to coordinate the activities of the classroom is the production of a duty roster.
This duty roster will bear the name of the students and the different works assigned to them each day.
5. Perfect Use of the Timetable:
leave the class immediately the class is over. Always follow the time.
No matter how interesting a particular topic or lesson is it should never encroach into the time for another class.
6. Reduce Punishment
Classroom management is not purely on punishing a child. It is important you understand that inflicting pains on the child causes lots of psychological disorders.
You don’t expect a child who is in pain to listen to you as you are teaching.
The ability to coordinate your class is perceived from the ways at which the students are enjoying the class and participating actively.
7. Apply Adequate Reinforcement
It is also very important to apply adequate reinforcement to a child’s attempt in every given time.
Reinforcement is the ability to appreciate or not appreciate the behaviour of a student.
When a child misbehaves, a negative reinforcement is awarded and when he or she acts in an acceptable way, a positive reinforcement is awarded.
Every reinforcement should be done immediately the behaviour was perceived.
That is to say, when a child answers a question correctly, such a child should be reinforced immediately.
8. Be jovial
An all-time serious teacher always misses out when it comes to classroom management.
That your students are always quiet in class because you are a harsh type doesn’t show you are able to manage your class well.
The problem is that the students are not following. Within them they are praying you left the class as quickly as possible.
When this kind of thing is going on classroom management is lost.
This is because the students are the focus of education and for your class to be well coordinated your students must participate actively.
9. Modulate Your Voice
Voice modulation is another strategy for classroom coordination.
When you notice a noise from behind the class, reduce your voice to the hearing of those at the front.
Those at the back will notice that your voice is no longer coming.
By the time their noise starts depreciating then you raise your voice again to also accommodate them.
10. Be Sensitive:
know when your students are not paying attention.
A leisaffair teacher lacks classroom management.
You can’t tell me that you have a coordinated class when some students are sleeping in your class and you are not noticing it.
Or maybe you did not notice that Deborah’s pen stopped working and she stopped writing.
You must be sensitive at all times so that you would notice what is wrong with your learners at all points in time.
11. Carry Every Student Along
It is your responsibility to carry Every student along. The more you carry everyone along in class the more the love your students have for continue to grow.
Do you know that when everyone is following in all your teachings, no student would like to miss school even for one day?
As a teacher, you must find out what you do exactly that helps you to cart everyone along.
12. Entertain All Questions
Don’t leave any question unanswered. If you don’t know the answer to the question, I would advise you to openly tell them that you have no idea about the question.
It is better you told them you will go and make more research about it than teaching or answering rubbish in class.
13. Be Conscious Of The Classroom Temperature
Always ensure that the temperature of the classroom is conducive for learning.
Classroom management can be distorted if the students are not feeling comfortable due to the weather condition of the classroom.
14. Ask Questions
As a teacher it is always a great idea to ask questions while the class is going on.
Not just the class, also enquire about the wellbeing of the students.
This does not only help in your classroom management, it also fosters your relationship with the students.
15. Always End Lessons Appropriately
A class that is properly ended gives Room for a healthy beginning of another lesson.
This is because, when you end your class appropriately, the students would want to listen to you when next you want to teach them.
But if the reverse is the case, trust me, when next you come, they will find it difficult to follow up.
While you think of how to start your lesson, also think of how you can end the lesson.
Classroom management should be encouraged by all teachers as a way of being able to achieve the objectives of education.